As the 19th century was about to turn into the 20th, Finland was engaged in a struggle for survival. For much of the century, she had been an autonomous grand duchy of the Russian empire, but still enjoying relative freedom. But in the s the government of Czar Nicholas II began to lean heavily on its northwestern neighbor. In February , the Czar issued the infamous "February Manifesto," which stripped the Finnish parliament of many of its powers.
About this Piece
Your belief in the power of music to heal and transform makes our work possible. Jean Sibelius. Composed: Length: c.
It is very unlikely that this work is public domain in the EU, or in any country where the copyright term is life-plus years. However, it is in the public domain in Canada where IMSLP is hosted and other countries where the term is life-plus years such as China, Japan, Korea and many others worldwide. As this work was first published before or failed to meet notice or renewal requirements to secure statutory copyright with no "restoration" under the GATT amendments, it is very likely to be public domain in the USA as well.
The Symphony No. The work was first performed on 26 April by the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra , conducted by the composer, in an original version which has not survived. After the premiere, Sibelius made some revisions, resulting in the version performed today. The revised version was completed in the spring and summer of , and was first performed in Berlin by the Helsinki Philharmonic, conducted by Robert Kajanus on 1 July The symphony is characterized by its use of string and woodwind solos; the first movement opens with a long and discursive clarinet solo over a timpani roll; this idea returns at the start of the fourth movement, fortissimo in the strings, with wind and brass chordal accompaniment , and subsequent movements include violin , viola , and cello solos. Most performances of the work last between 35 and 40 minutes. Many conductors choose to slacken the speeds suggested by Sibelius's metronome markings, particularly in the fast part allegro energico of the first movement. Because of this, many versions of the symphony are about 38—40 minutes long the publishers suggest the duration is 40 minutes .